Jayanagar is a residential and commercial neighbourhood of the city of Bangalore in Karnataka, India. It’s one of the zones of BBMP. It is sub-divided into 7 wards.
The foundation of Jayanagar was laid in the year 1948. It is known for Gramadevata Goddess Festival . All the Dravidian set of language speaking people are found here living harmoniously.
It is surrounded by Basavanagudi, JP Nagar, Wilson Garden, Banashankari 2nd stage, Gurappanapalya, Suddaguntepalya and BTM Layout among other areas. It is also in proximity to the Lalbagh Botanical Gardens. Jayanagar comprises ten area blocks (including 4th ‘T’ Block), of which the 3rd and 4th Blocks are largely commercial hubs, while the rest are mostly residential.
A 2010 survey by DNA Bangalore ranked Jayanagar as the most liveable place in Bangalore and still maintains the old charm of the city.
History of Jayanagar
In Kannada, Jayanagar literally means “Victory City”. It is not conclusively known, however, why it is called so. One school of thought is that the name symbolizes the Maharaja of Mysore’s first name “Jayachamaraja”. The foundation of Jayanagar was laid in 1948. It was one of the first planned neighbourhoods in Bangalore and at the time, the largest in Asia. Jayanagar constituency has 7 wards and had 1.8 lakh voters as of 2013.
Jayanagar was traditionally regarded as the southern end of Bangalore. The “South End Circle”, wherein six roads from different areas meet, and the historic Ashoka Pillar (which was to mark the southern end of the city) bear this fact. While newer extensions have taken away this distinction from Jayanagar, it still remains one of the more southern parts of the city.
Culture of Jayanagar
Jayanagar is the hub of Southern Bangalore with a predominantly Kannada speaking population. Since the early 1990s, it has had an influx of people from many parts of India, making it a multicultural suburb. Jayanagar has a number of temples. The Ragigudda temple near East End and the Shree Dharmanath Jain temple near the IV Block bus stand are prominent. The Jayanagar Shopping Complex is in IV Block, next to the Bus Station. 4th Main road, which is known as Nanda Road, is actually a boulevard running North to South from South End Circle to 46th Cross in 5th Block for almost 2 kilometers and is characterized by well maintained parks on either side. Due to the Bangalore Metro construction, the road has lost some of its foliage.
Jayanagar I Block is primarily a residential locality. It is a very quiet place and quite a contrast to the rest of the city.
Jayanagar IV Block is well known for its shopping, restaurants and fast food centers. There is an Inox multiplex which has 4 screens. Earlier it was known as Swagath theater. It also houses the main bus stand.
Jayanagar is also an educational hub surrounded by many colleges and institutions. The prominent ones being Sudarshan Vidya Mandir National College, Vijaya Composite, Vijaya Junior college, Vijaya High School, etc.
Jayanagar is also one of the oldest localities in Bangalore. This makes it one of the most conservative places to live in Bangalore. It has a substantial population of long-term, mostly Kannada-speaking residents with established family ties to the locality. The residents are mainly upper middle class and well to do. The initial residents were mainly Government officers since the residential sites were allocated predominantly to Government officials, but recently there has been a large influx of business owners and young IT professionals.
The original price of the sites when allocated by the Bangalore City Corporation was in the vicinity of Rs.1/sq ft and the current market price is in the range of Rs 8,000 to Rs 9,000/sq ft.
Being at the southern part of Bangalore, living in Jayanagar during the early 2000s used to mean a longer commute to major employers for many of its residents. However, with a lot of major employers opening office locations in south Bangalore, and with a series of new malls and multiplexes coming up shortly in its vicinity, Jayanagar has maintained its desirability for the upwardly-mobile, family-oriented.
Due to the skyrocketing real estate and land prices in this area especially around 3rd, 4th & 5th block areas due to presence of all amenities and the old shopping complex etc. there has been rapid commercialization of this area over the years with almost 50% buildings and sites converted to commercial establishments, offices & high end jewellery shops etc. This has led to other side effects of high prices of almost everything in the area going up. It was once considered a prime shopping area in Bangalore and people at times still flock to the area as the 4th Block complex is considered a market hub for almost any need of a typical family. Lately due to development of shopping malls in suburbs and online shopping etc. and commercialization & rising prices in this area it is seen more deserted these days.
Noble Residents of Jayanagar
- Late Vishnuvardhan, Kannada Actor
- N.R. Narayana Murthy, Infosys Founder
- Late Raja Ramanna, Nuclear Physicist
- Late VV Giri, Former President (Acting) of India
- Shashi Deshpande, Writer
- Late S.K. Ramachandra Rao, Scholar
- Prakash Belawadi, National Award Winning Film-maker